The agreement was a compromise between the aspirations of different war-torn parties. Against the will of the Serb and Croat ultranationalists, it re-established Bosnia as a unitary state and granted the right of return to the victims of ethnic cleansing. Against the will of bosnian ultranationalists, it took over federal ethnic structures that recognized the Republika Srpska (“Serb Republic”) as a political entity with rights of self-management within Bosnia. It has also established a complex system of power-sharing and minority rights for the country`s three main ethnic groups (“constituent peoples”), thus preventing the Bosnian majority from overtaking minorities on issues of vital political interest. Before the agreement, Bosnian Serbs controlled about 46% of Bosnia and Herzegovina (23,687 km2), Bosniaks 28% (14,505 km2) and Bosnian Croats 25% (12,937 km2). 13 The representation of the Republika Srpska by Milosevic, President of Serbia, but who acted here in his capacity as head of the delegation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, was carried out on the basis of a special agreement of 29 August 1995, to which reference is made in the preamble to the GCC. At the representation of the RS, Milosevic`s delegation included three SR officials (Momcilo Krajisnik, President of the SR Parliament); Nikola Koljevic, Vice President RS; and Aleksa Buha, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the RS), who, in a subsidiary letter addressed on 20 November to the GFA to Milosevic as head of the delegation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, asked the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia”. to accept, . the role of guarantor of the fulfilment by the Republika Srpska of all the commitments it has made. These RS members of the delegation refused to participate in the initialling in Dayton on November 21, but initialed the texts on November 24 in Pale, in the presence of a US diplomatic representative, and RS officials participated in the signing conference in Paris. They fled for another argument with Dirty Dick – the US chief negotiator Richard Holbrooke – to put on the flags and chairs in a row and restore some honour to the euro. The 21 days of negotiations in Dayton may have secured a Bosnian peace agreement, but they opened up a big gap between the United States and the Europeans in the contact group.

The agreement concluded on 21 November 1995 by the Presidents of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia ended the war between the former Yugoslav republics and outlined a peace agreement The immediate purpose of the agreement was to freeze the military confrontation and prevent its resumption. . . .

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