In addition, some peculiarities of the agreement create domains with perceived privileges for American soldiers. For example, because SOFA exempts most U.S. military personnel from Japanese visa and passport legislation, incidents have occurred in the past, where U.S. military personnel have been sent back to the U.S. before being charged in Japanese courts. In addition, the agreement requires that when a U.S. service member is suspected of a crime but is not captured outside a base by Japanese authorities, U.S. authorities retain custody until acceptance of the service is formally charged by the Japanese. [2] Although the agreement also requires the United States to cooperate with Japanese authorities in investigations,[3] Japanese authorities often claim that they still do not have regular access to interrogate or question the United States. Soldiers, making it more difficult for Japanese prosecutors to prepare cases for indictment. [4] [5] This is compounded by the singularity of Japanese pre-indictment interrogations, which focus on confession as a precondition for indictment, often without a lawyer[6] and can last up to 23 days. [7] Given the difference between this interrogation system and the system in the United States, the United States has argued that the extraterritoriality granted to its military members under the SOFA is necessary to grant them the same rights as those of the U.S.

criminal justice system. However, since the okinawa rape incident in 1995, the United States has agreed to consider surrendering suspects in serious cases, such as rape and murder, before being charged. [8] On January 16, 2017, Japan and the United States were “signed a supplementary agreement to limit and clarify the definition of the civilian component protected by the status-of-forces agreement.” [9] [10] This agreement was reached after the rape and murder of an Okinawan woman in 2016, allegedly by a civilian contract worker employed at the U.S. Kadena Air Force Base in Okinawa Prefecture. The Agreement between the United States and Japan on the Status of Armed Forces (formally referred to as the “Agreement under Article VI of the Treaty on Mutual Cooperation and Security between Japan and the United States of America, on Facilities and Territories and the Status of The Armed Forces of the United States in Japan”) is an agreement between Japan and the United States, signed in Washington on 19 January 1960. on the same day as the revised security treaty between the United States and Japan. It is a status-of-forces agreement (SOFA), as defined in Article VI of the Treaty, which deals with `a separate agreement` which `uses […] Facilities and territories [granted to the United States] as well as the status of the United States Armed Forces in Japan.” It replaced the former “US-Japan Administrative Agreement,” which settled these issues under the original 1951 security treaty. We`re sorry, but their page may have been moved or deleted.

We apologize for the inconvenience, but please search again on the Top Page or “Site Map”. Thank you for your understanding. Also, use “Site search” at the top right. If you intend to stay more than 90 days in Japan, please apply for a work visa (for example. B engineer). If you`re a military contractor who travels to U.S. bases in Japan and stays for less than 90 days, you normally qualify as a short-term visitor.

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